The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established in December 1970. The EPA is an independent agency of the United States federal government whose main goal and mission is to protect both human and environmental health. The EPA works to ensure that Americans have clean air, land and water as well as give access to accurate information to all parts of a society, so that individuals can effectively participate in managing human health and environmental risks. More about the EPA and their mission.
EPA's Report on the Environment (ROE) shows how the condition of the U.S. environment and human health is changing over time. There are about 80+ ROE indicators that are used to help answer 23 questions. All critical to EPA's mission of protecting the environment and human health. Explore more roe indicators
Considering that the EPA focuses on our health, indoor air quality is heavily regulated. Indoor air quality refers to the quality of air that is found in a home, school, office, or building. It is held to such a high standard because the potential impact of it on human health is quite noteworthy.
Why is indoor air quality important?
Americans, on average spend 90 percent of their time indoors.
According to the EPA, indoor air pollution is among the top 5 environmental risks to public health
Concentrations of some pollutants are about 2 to 5 times higher than outdoor concentrations.
People who are most susceptible to the adverse effects of pollution (e.g., the very young, older adults, people with cardiovascular or respiratory disease) have the tendency to spend more time indoors.
Concentrations of some pollutants have increased due to factors such as energy-efficient building construction (when it lacks enough mechanical ventilation to ensure adequate air exchange).
Use of synthetic building materials, furnishings, personal care products, pesticides, and household cleaners have increased over the years.
Types of pollutants:
(Pollutants affecting indoor air quality come from both indoors and outdoors)
-environmental tobacco smoke
Substances of natural origin:
- Pesticides, lead, and asbestos.
- Various volatile organic compounds from a variety of products and materials.
These pollutants are well hidden from the naked eye. Some do not emit a distinct smell or show obvious physical signs, so you barely notice them around your home.
Health effects associated with indoor air pollutants include:
- Irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat.
- Headaches, dizziness, and fatigue.
- Respiratory diseases, heart disease, and cancer.
Link between common indoor air pollutants and health effects:
Radon is a known human carcinogen and is the second leading cause of lung cancer.
Carbon monoxide is toxic, and short-term exposure to elevated carbon monoxide levels can be lethal.
Episodes of Legionnaires' disease, a form of pneumonia caused by exposure to the Legionella bacterium, have been associated with buildings with poorly maintained air conditioning or heating systems.
Numerous indoor air pollutants are “asthma triggers,” meaning that some asthmatics might experience asthma attacks following exposure.
Essencia air’s mission is to create awareness and aid in the journey of what mother nature can do for you when you bring plants into your home, office, school, or any indoor space. Plants are the answer. Plants help purify the air as well as remove different indoor air pollutants. This is why, Essencia air makes it a priority to inform our customers and help them create a much healthier lifestyle; by offering natural air purifiers.
Essencia air thoroughly looks over information given by the EPA as well as previous NASA clean air studies to provide the most accurate information to our audience.
Written by: Yolanda M. Pineda