April 01, 2020

 

Planters are the very thing that holds our precious plants and keep them safe. They are the home of the roots and hold the potential of the plant. With planters being so important, it is imperative that we utilize the right one. That doesn’t mean we can’t get creative, in fact, I encourage it 100%. There is really no limit to which planter can be used, providing it drains well and doesn’t get too hot sitting in the sun.

 

 

Here are some things to consider when selecting a planter:

 

  • Size matters! If the planter happens to be too small, the plant will become rootbound, the roots won’t have enough space to grow. With that being said, the soil will not be able to hold enough moisture between the moments that the plant is watered. Plants that are left to dry out, or wilt, will not grow nor will it be productive. If the container is too large, the plants may spend all their energy on root development and not enough on the growth.
Tip: Choose containers in proportion to the size of the plant. A container that is about one-third as tall as the plant often works best. For most houseplants, pot sizes are about 2.5-7 inches. For large trees or floor-standing plants, you m
ay need to go as high as 25 cm.
  • Planters are available in many different sizes, shapes, and materials. Whatever type of container you select, consider the area where it will be used and plan accordingly.
  • Which material works best with the conditions that the plant will be set in.
  • Which drainage system will you use? 

Note: Its important to note that plants last about a year in their planter.

 

 
Here are some different types of planters that can be used:

 

  • Terra-Cotta:
-variety of shapes and sizes
-enhance the beauty of almost any plant
-made of a porous clay rich in iron
-ability to “breathe,” which keeps potting soils cool
-wicks excess moisture away from plant roots, keeping them healthy
-relatively fragile
-can dry out quite rapidly, especially in sunny locations
Note: Some growers prefer glazed terra-cotta planters because they hold water much more effectively.
  • Plastic
-plastic nursery planters are durable
-retain moisture well
-relatively inexpensive
-very lightweight

Note:Do not use black, or dark colored plastic planters if your plants will be in a very sunny area. These colors absorb heat and will get very hot. This will only cause damage to tender roots. Light colored containers reflect the heat, which will help keep the roots cool.

  • Concrete
-ideal for containing large plants or trees that require more support
-good insulating properties
-protects tender root systems by maintaining a comfortable soil environment
-can be left outside over the winter without harm
 
  • Wood
-most practical and natural container
-looks great, retains water well and are relatively lightweight
-make sure that they are made with rot
-resistant woods like cedar or redwood
-check for quality construction, since wood will shrink and expand in the elements -pine or other soft-woods can also be used, but should be painted with a non-toxic paint or stain to prevent rot.
-creative ideas
  • Glass
-a wide- necked storage or sweet jar can act as a bottle garden. Drinking glasses, sundae dishes, vases, bowls and jugs are all suitable for hydroculture.
-If colored make sure to give it adequate light
-chemically stable
-can be very decorative
  • Metal
-is best used to hold plastic planters instead of for planting but remember that metal rusts.
-provide little insulation and heat up rapidly which causes the soil to dry out and increase the possibility of root damage 
-use some form of insulation such as a clay or plastic liner
- metal is non-porous so drainage is a major consideration
-make sure you can drill adequate holes in the container


Anything not waterproof can be used to hold planters as well. Just make sure to line them with plastic so it doesn’t get soaked. Be careful, containers must provide the right kind of drainage. The base of the container must be lined with clay pellets so it can absorb moisture and give a good source of natural drainage. Also, if you mix charcoal with potting medium, the potting medium will remain sweeter.



If the planter doesn't have holes at the bottom another form of draining the soil properly is by setting the planter in layers. The layers are set up in a special way so that the plants can thrive although there aren't holes to drain excess water. The layers from the bottom up are:
  • Rocks- contains gravel and different rocks which helps keep excess water away from the soil.
  • Felt wrap- keeps the soil moist and cool.
  • Soil - where the plants are. This also serves as a layer for creativity, where you can decorate with moss and different rocks.

Check out some of the plants that we offer!

 

DON’T BE AFRAID OF GETTING CREATIVE





Anything can become a planter or ornamental container. Old teapots, jars, old salad bowls, storage tins, buckets – whatever works best for you! Just make sure the roots get the proper treatment.


Written by: Yolanda M. Pineda

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